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Administrative law is about the rights and obligations of citizens and businesses towards the government. But administrative law also regulates how the government makes decisions and what you can do if you disagree with such a decision. Government decisions are central in administrative law. These decisions can have far-reaching consequences for you. That is why it is important that you take immediate action if you disagree with a government decision that has certain consequences for you. For example: your permit will be revoked or an enforcement action will be taken against you. These are situations to which you can object. Of course there is the possibility that your objection will be rejected. You also have the right to lodge an appeal law & against the rejection of your objection. This can be done by submitting a notice of appeal. The administrative lawyers of Law & More can advise and support you in this process.
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General Administrative Law Act
The General Administrative Law Act (Awb) often forms the legal framework in most administrative law cases. The General Administrative Law Act (Awb) lays down how the government must prepare decisions, publish policy and which sanctions are available for enforcement.
You may come into contact with administrative law if you need a permit. This could be, for example, an environmental permit or a liquor and hospitality permit. In practice, it regularly happens that applications for permits are wrongly refused. Citizens can object. These decisions on permits are legal decisions. When taking decisions, the government is bound by rules that relate to the content and manner in which the decisions are made. It is wise to have legal assistance if you object to a rejection of your permit application. Because these rules are drawn up on the basis of the legal rules that apply in administrative law. By engaging a lawyer, you can be sure that the procedure will proceed correctly in the event of an objection and in the event of an appeal.
In some cases it is not possible to lodge an objection. In proceedings it is for example possible to submit an opinion after a draft decision. An opinion is a reaction that you, as an interested party, can send to the competent authority in response to a draft decision. The authority can take the opinions expressed into account when the final decision will be taken. It is therefore wise to seek legal advice before submitting your opinion with respect to a draft decision.
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Granting subsidies means that you are entitled to financial resources from an administrative body for the purpose of financing certain activities. The granting of subsidies always has a legal basis. In addition to laying down rules, subsidies are an instrument that governments use. In this way, the government stimulates desirable behavior. Subsidies are often subjected to conditions. These conditions can be checked by the government to see if they are being fulfilled.
Many organizations depend on subsidies. Yet in practice it often happens that subsidies are withdrawn by the government. You can think of the situation that the government is cutting back. Legal protection is also available against a revocation decision. By objecting to the withdrawal of a subsidy, you can, in some cases, ensure that your entitlement to the subsidy is maintained. Are you in doubt if your subsidy has been lawfully withdrawn or do you have other questions about government subsidies? Then feel free to contact the administrative lawyers of Law & More. We will be happy to advise you on your questions regarding government subsidies.
You may have to deal with the government when rules are violated in your area and the government asks you to intervene or when, for example, the government comes by to check whether you comply with the permit conditions or other imposed conditions. This is called government enforcement. The government can deploy supervisors for this purpose. Supervisors have access to every company and are allowed to request all necessary information and to inspect and to take the administration with them. This does not require that there is a serious suspicion that the rules have been broken. If you do not cooperate in such a case, you are punishable.
If the government states that there has been a violation, you will be given the opportunity to react to any intended enforcement. This could be, for example, an order under penalty payment, an order under administrative penalty or an administrative fine. Permits can also be withdrawn for enforcement purposes.
An order under penalty payment means that the government wants to induce you to do or refrain from doing a certain act, in which case you will owe a sum of money if you do not cooperate. The order under administrative penalty goes even further than that. With an administrative order, the government intervenes and the costs of the intervention are subsequently claimed from you. This can be the case, for example, when it comes to demolishing an illegal building, cleaning up the consequences of an environmental violation or closing down a business without a permit.
Furthermore, in some situations the government may choose to impose a fine through administrative law instead of criminal law. An example of this is the administrative fine. An administrative fine can be very high. If you have been imposed an administrative fine and you disagree with it, you can appeal to the courts.
As a result of a certain offence, the government may decide to revoke your permit. This measure can be applied as a punishment, but also as enforcement to prevent a certain act from being repeated.
Sometimes decisions or actions of the government can cause damage. In some cases, the government is liable for this damage and you can claim damages. There are several ways in which you, as an entrepreneur or private individual, can claim damages from the government.
Unlawful act of government
If the government has acted unlawfully, you can hold the government liable for any damage you have suffered. In practice, this is called an unlawful government act. This is the case, for example, if the government closes down your company, and the judge subsequently decides that this was not allowed to happen. As an entrepreneur, you could claim the financial loss you have suffered as a result of the temporary closure by the government.
Legitimate act of government
In some cases, you may also suffer damage if the government has made a legitimate decision. This may be the case, for example, when the government makes a change to the zoning plan, which will make certain building projects possible. This change could lead to a loss of income for you from your business or a reduction in the value of your home. In such a case, we speak of compensation for plan damage or loss compensation.
Our administrative lawyers will be pleased to advise you about the possibilities of obtaining compensation as a result of a government act.
Objection and appeal
Before objections against a decision of the government can be submitted to the administrative court, an objection procedure will first have to be conducted. This means that you must indicate in writing within six weeks that you do not agree with the decision and the reasons why you do not agree. Objections must be made in written form. Use of email is only possible if the government has explicitly indicated this. An objection by telephone is not regarded as an official objection.
After a notice of objection has been submitted, you are often given the opportunity to explain your objection verbally. If you are proved right and the objection is declared well-founded, the contested decision will be reversed and another decision will replace it. If you are not proved right, the objection will be declared unfounded.
An appeal against the decision on objection can also be lodged with the court. An appeal must also be submitted in writing within a period of six weeks. In some cases it can also be done digitally. The court subsequently forwards a notice of appeal to the government agency with the request to send all the documents relating to the case and to respond to it in a statement of defence.
A hearing will subsequently be scheduled. The court will then only decide on the disputed decision on objection. Therefore, if the judge agrees with you, he will only annul the decision on your objection. The procedure is therefore not over yet. The government will have to give a new decision on the objection.
Deadlines in administrative law
After a decision by the government, you have six weeks to lodge an objection or appeal. If you do not object in time, your chance to do something against the decision will pass. If no objection or appeal is lodged against a decision, it will be given formal legal force. It is then presumed to be lawful, both in terms of its creation and content. The limitation period for lodging an objection or appeal is therefore actually six weeks. You should therefore ensure that you engage legal assistance in time. If you disagree with a decision, you must submit a notice of objection or appeal within 6 weeks. The administrative lawyers of Law & More can advise you in this process.
ServicesWe can litigate for you in all areas of administrative law. Think, for example, of submitting a notice of objection to the Municipal Executive against the imposition of an order subject to a penalty payment or litigation before the court concerning the failure to grant an environmental permit for the conversion of a building. The advisory practice is an important part of our work. In many cases, with the right advice, you can prevent proceedings against the government. We can, among other things, advise and assist you with:
- applying for subsidies;
- a benefit that has been stopped and the reclamation of this benefit;
- the imposition of an administrative fine;
- the rejection of your application for an environmental permit;
- lodging an objection to the revocation of permits.
Do you want to know what Law & More can do for you as a law firm in Eindhoven and Amsterdam?
Then contact us by phone +31 40 369 06 80 or send an e-mail to:
mr. Tom Meevis, advocate at Law & More – email@example.com
mr. Maxim Hodak, advocate at & More – firstname.lastname@example.org